The Battle of Bennington, Vermont, which took place on August 16, 1777, during the American Revolutionary War, was a pivotal engagement between American and British forces. The battle occurred when a British detachment, led by Lieutenant Colonel Friedrich Baum, sought to seize supplies and provisions stored in Bennington by the American forces. However, they encountered fierce resistance from a combined force of American militia, led by General John Stark, and a contingent of Continental soldiers.
The battle unfolded in multiple stages, with Stark’s forces launching a successful attack on Baum’s position. Despite being outnumbered, the American militia utilized superior tactics and knowledge of the terrain to gain the upper hand. The British suffered heavy casualties and were ultimately forced to surrender, while the Americans emerged victorious. The Battle of Bennington significantly boosted American morale, depleted British forces, and hindered General John Burgoyne’s campaign to isolate New England from the rest of the colonies. This victory played a crucial role in turning the tide of the war in favor of the American colonists, demonstrating their determination and resilience in the face of British invasion.
Diaries and Memoirs
Other Primary Sources
Gabriel, Michael P. The Battle of Bennington Soldiers and Civilians. Charleston, SC: History Press, 2012.
Spargo, John. The Bennington Battle Monument – Its Story and Its Meaning. Rutland, Vt, The Tuttle Company.