Researching the American Revolution

Your source for information on the American War of Independence

Saratoga

Memorial for the Unkown Soldiers who gave their lives at the Battles of Saratoga, Saratoga National Battlefield

Primary Sources

Burgoyne, John, and Douglas Cubbison. Burgoyne and the Saratoga Campaign: His Papers. Norman, Oklahoma: The Arthur H. Clark Company, an imprint of the University of Oklahoma Press, 2012.

Dearborn, Henry. Revolutionary War Journals of Henry Dearborn 1775-1783. Edited by Lloyd A. Brown and Howard H. Peckham. Chicago: The Caxton Club, 1939.

A New Hampshire officer, Dearborn participated in many campaigns including Saratoga.  His journal concise and matter of fact, but a good overview source for dates and events.

Pausch, Georg. Journal of Captain Pausch – Chief of the Hanau Artillery during the Burgoyne Campaign. Edited by William L. Stone. Albany: Joel Munsell, 1886.

Oft neglected, Hessian diaries are good primary sources.  While Pausch, provides more details on the events, leading up to the Saratoga campaign, he provides an eyewitness account of what it was like to be an officer on the Burgoyne invasion.

Rankin, Hugh F., ed. Narratives of the American Revolution – As Told by a Young Sailor, a Homesick Surgeon, a French Volunteer, and a German General’s Wife. The Lakeside Classics 75. Chicago: R. R. Donnelley & Sons Company, 1976.

Contained in this volume is the diary of Baroness von Riedesel, wife of the commander of German forces under General Burgoyne.  Her accounts of tending to the wounded and her family under the guns of Patriot forces is heroic, poignant and riviting.

Maps

Barker, Thomas M., and Paul R. Huey. “The 1776-1777 Northern Campaigns of the American War for Independence and Their Sequel: Contemporary Maps of Mainly German Origin.” Fleischmanns, NY : Vergennes, VT: Purple Mountain Press ; The Lake Champlain Maritime Museum, 2010.

Secondary Sources

Brandow, John Henry. The Story of Old Saratoga and History of Schuylerville. Saratoga Springs, NY: Robson & Adee, 1906.

Elting, John Robert. The Battles of Saratoga. Philip Freneau Bicentennial Series on the American Revolution. Monmouth Beach, N.J: Philip Freneau Press, 1977.

Ketchum, Richard M. Saratoga: Turning Point of America’s Revolutionary War. New York: Holt paperbacks, 1999.

Luzader, John F. Saratoga: A Military History of the Decisive Campaign of the American Revolution. First paperback edition. New York: Savas Beatie, 2010.

Mintz, Max M. The Generals of Saratoga: John Burgoyne & Horatio Gates. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1990.

Nickerson, Hoffman. The Turning Point of The Revolution or Burgoyne in America. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1928.

Snow, Dean R. 1777: Tipping Point at Saratoga. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2016.

Web Site

The Saratoga town historican operates a web site devoted to the history of the battle and the surrounding area.  It is a valuable resource for finding both primary sources as well as interesting facts and events.

Views of the Saratoga Battlefield

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Memorial to Bendict Arnold on the Saratoga Battlefield, NY
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Neilson Farm, used by Continental Army Generals Benedict Arnold (Connecticut) and Enoch Poor (New Hampshire)

 

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Reconstructed gun emplacements which commanded the Hudson River and forced the British to attack to clear a route to Albany

 

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Jesse Chatfield Farm – site of the opening moments of the Second Battle of Freeman’s Farm
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Barber Wheatfield – On October 7, the British advance was checked by the Rebels. British General Simon Fraser was mortally wounded near this site by a Rebel sniper.

 

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Site of Breymann Redoubt where Benedict Arnold was wounded in the leg

 

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The British Great Redoubt – the strongest of three British forts built to protect its supplies, wounded and the site of its initial retreat.

 

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Philip Schuyler Country Mansion, Schuylerville, NY

The British burned this house during their retreat from the Saratoga battlefields.  General John Burgoyne surrendered near this site.  Maj. Gen. Philip Schuyler rebuilt a new house a few months after the Rebel victory.  Reportedly, the new house was constructed in a matter of a few days.  Astride the Fish Kill Creek, it served as a headquarters for nearby native American trading posts and milling operations.

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Saratoga Monument commemorating the Rebel victory over the invading British

Completed in 1883, the 155-foot monument commemorates General Horatio Gates’ victory over the British.  The obelesk sits on the site of General Burgoyne’s final camp before he surrendered his entire army.

Trophies of War

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British military drum captured at the Battle of Saratoga in the West Point USMA Museum

 

 

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