As Secretary of State for America, Lord George Germain directed the British war effort providing strategy and direction to the British military leaders serving in America. After the disasterous British loss at Yorktown, the Lord North goverment fell and Germain was replaced.
Brief Biographical Sketches
O’Shaughnessy, Andrew Jackson. The Men Who Lost America: British Leadership, the American Revolution, and the Fate of the Empire. Lewis Walpole Series in Eighteenth-Century Culture and History. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2013.
Adams, Randolph G. The Papers of Lord George Germain: A brief description of the Stopford-Sackville papers now in the William L. Clements library. Ann Arbor, MI: The University of Michigan, 1928.
A controversial figure, Brown writes a more positive view of Germain than either Mackesy or Valentine. Germain was caught up in fierce British politics between tories and whigs in the House of Commons and between King George II and the king in waiting, the future King George III. The politics greatly color contemporaries views on Germain.
Brown, Gerald Saxon. The American Secretary – The Colonial Policy of Lord George Germain, 1775-1778. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 1963.
Mackesy, Piers. The Coward of Minden: The Affair of Lord George Sackville. London: Allen Lane, 1979.
Valentine, Alan. Lord George Germain. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1962.