Darley, Stephen. The Battle of Valcour Island: The Participants and Vessels of Benedict Arnold’s 1776 Defense of Lake Champlain, 2013.
Wickman, Donald H., and The Mount Independence Coalition. Strong Ground: Mount Independence and the American Revolution. Orwell, VT: The Mount Independence Coalition, 2017.
View from Mount Independence west to Fort Ticonderoga and north down Lake Champlain. Note both Mount Independence and Fort Ticonderoga were denuded of trees during Revolutionary years providing unhindered sight lines.