Researching the American Revolution

Your source for information on the American War of Independence

Ethan Allen

Statues of Ethan Allen in US Capitol by Author

Primary Sources

Allen, Ethan, and Stephen Carl Arch. A Narrative of Colonel Ethan Allen’s Captivity. Acton, Mass.: Copley Pub. Group, 2000.

Allen, Ethan. Reason, Only Oracle of Man; or a Compendious System of Natural Religion. Boston: J. P. Mendum, Cornhill, 1854.

Allen, Ethan, and John J. Duffy. Ethan Allen and His Kin: Correspondence, 1772-1819. 2 vols. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 1998.

“Bourgyone ‘Gates Has Ethan Allen in His Head’ and Will Exchange No Other,” n.d.


Secondary Sources

Allen, Ethan, Ira Allen, and J. Kevin Graffagnino. Ethan and Ira Allen: Collected Works. 3 vols. Benson, Vt: Chalidze Publications, 1992.

Bellesiles, Michael A. Revolutionary Outlaws: Ethan Allen and the Struggle for Independence on the Early American Frontier. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1993

Bennett, David. A Few Lawless Vagabonds: Ethan Allen, the Republic of Vermont, and the American Revolution. Havertown, PA: Casemate Publishers, 2014.

Brown, Charles Walter. Ethan Allen of Green Mountain Fame – A Hero of the Revolution. Chicago: M. A.Donohue & Co., n.d.

“Confused Accounts of Ethan Allen’s Death: Later Accounts Compound the Story — Seeking the Main Chance: Limited Educatio,” n.d.

De Puy, Henry W. Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys. Buffalo: Phinney & Co., 1857.

Dorson, Richard M., ed. Patriots of the American Revolution: True Accounts by Great Americans, from Ethan Allen to George Rogers Clark. New York: Gramercy Books, 1998.

Duffy, John J., and H. Nicholas Muller. Inventing Ethan Allen. Hanover, New Hampshire: University Press of New England, 2014.

———. “Inventing Ethan Allen.” Journal of the American Revolution, August 6, 2014.

Duffy, John J., H. Nicholas Muller, and Gary G. Shattuck. The Rebel and the Tory: Ethan Allen, Philip Skene, and the Dawn of Vermont. First edition. Barre, Vermont: Vermont Historical Society, 2020.

Most primary sources on the American War for Independence have been thoroughly researched and it is rare to discover completely new documents.  This is exactly what the authors of The Tory and the Patriot have accomplished.  The authors uncovered legal documents in musty New York Archives that had not been read in over 200 years.  These scrolled documents pertain to pre-war activities of the celebrated Ethan Allen, the famed conqueror of Ft. Ticonderoga in 1775.  The new discovery radically changes the generally accepted view of Ethan Allen from a heroic defender of small farmers’ interests to merely an incompetent land speculator.  Further, the three Vermont historians’ research highlights the efforts of a large landowner, Philip Skene, British General Jeffrey Amherst and Allen to carve a portion of northern New York and modern-day Vermont into a fourteenth colony during the years leading up to the revolution.  The trio of authors’ new book sheds a completely different light on the character and contributions of Ethan Allen, Vermont’s fabled Green Mountain Boy.

The appendix of this book contains valuable primary source information on Ethan Allen and Philip Skene.  In addtion, the authors describe a complete historiography for Ethan Allen and the founding of Vermont.  This book should be the starting place for any research on Ethan Allen.

 Hall, Henry. Ethan Allen – The Robin Hood of Vermont. New YOrk: D. Appleton and Company, 1892

 Holbrook, Stewart H. Ethan Allen. New York: The MacMillian Company, 1940.

Hoyt, Edwin P. The Damndest Yankees: Ethan Allen & His Clan. Brattleboro, Vt: S. Greene Press, 1976.

Jellison, Charles A. Ethan Allen – Frontier Rebel. Syracuse, N.Y: Syracuse University Press, 1969.

Pell, John. Ethan Allen. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1929.

Procknow, Eugene. “British Fascination with Ethan Allen.” edited by Todd Andrlik. Yardley, PA: Westholme Publishing, 2016.

———. “Ethan Allen:  Patriot, Land Promoter or Turncoat?” Journal of the American Revolution, November 5, 2013.

———. “Seth Warner or Ethan Allen:  Who Led the Green Mountain Boys?” Journal of the American Revolution, February 24, 2014.

Randall, Willard Sterne. Ethan Allen: His Life and Times. 1st ed. New York: W. W. Norton & Co, 2011.


Statues and Memorials

There are no known Ethan Allen paintings or other likenesses only idealized statues.  For information on the statues and artists renderings of Ethan Allen, see a Burlington Free Press article.

An idealized statue of Ethan Allen originallycarved by Larkin Mead and installed at the Vermont State Capitol in Montpelior in 1861.  A replacement statue was carved by Aristide Piccini of Rutland and dedicated on October 29, 1941
Ethan Allen
Ethan Allen in Statuary Hall, US Capitol Washington DC by Larkin Mead, given to the US Capitol in 1876.
Ethan Allen Grave site
Ethan Allen Grave Memorial in the Green Mount Cemetery Burlington, Vermont.  Statue sits atop a 42 foot granite column.  The monument was modeled by Boston sculptor Peter Stephenson, constructed out of Barre granite, and sculpted in Carrara, Italy.


Artist Renderings

Photo Jan 28, 8 31 54 AM

Ethan Allen Homestead in Burlington, Vermont

Built with the assistance of Ira Allen after the conclusion of the American Revolution.  Ethan lived in the house with his second wife, Fanny.  In addition to their children, three servants lived with them.  He wrote his philosophical opus Reason, the Oracle of Man in this house.  He died in the house in 1789.  According to biographer William Sterne Randall, Allen likely died of exposure after drinking too much on the way back home from obtaining hay on Hero Island during the dead of winter.

Reenactors from the Seth Warner Regiment in front of the Allen home

Mt Ethan Allen and Mt. Ira Allen with Camel’s Hump in the background

Camel’s Hump, Mt Ethan Allen, Mt. Ira Allen

Located in the Green Mountains above the Mad River Valley in North Central Vermont. The summits are mostly visited by through hikers on the Long Trail and are not easily seen from towns and highways.

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